teaching china to recycle, village by village

by:CAI YI JIE     2019-08-29
Chinese-Western cuisine village
When Chen Liwen took out a plastic bag full of cornflakes and eggshells, she didn\'t encourage anything.
\"You did a good job,\" she said to the owner . \" Plastic should go into a yellow container instead of a green one, she explained.
\"You can do better next time.
\"After all, this is only the second day that Xicai village supervises garbage sorting, and Xicai village is about 480 dusty houses in Hebei province outside Beijing without indoor pipes.
The residents included Chen\'s parents. So the zero-
The waste advocate decided to start her campaign to teach Chinese recycling in her hometown.
\"You need to organize systems for people to start reducing waste, and it\'s hard in this city because there are too many people,\" Chen said . \" Who led the China Zero Waste Alliance and tried to teach a village to recycle at one time across the country.
\"In the village, people know each other, so it\'s not difficult to organize people.
Also, they have land so compost can be done easily, \"she said.
Until the 1980 s, there was relatively little garbage in China.
This country is very poor, so people don\'t buy much, and of course they don\'t waste much.
Then economic prosperity-
Garbage also follows.
A mountain of consumerism.
Computer parts, plastic packaging, milk boxes, broken mobile phones, polystyrene, cartons.
Now, with the popularity of food delivery services,
Customers can have a cup of foam tea or a soft drink
Provide ice cream delivered in China at a nominal cost
Shopping online, there is new garbage.
While the average solid waste generated by Chinese people is about half of the average American level, China has a larger population.
This means that China throws away about 60 million take-out food containers every day.
But there is no real recycling system.
Instead, there is an informal network of \"garbage pickers --
Usually immigrants who come to the city from the countryside and search in urban garbage
They extract anything of value from the bin and take it to a large sorting center outside the city.
It\'s not uncommon to see motor tricycles and trucks bump together.
The size load of the polystyrene container stacked on the back or the carefully pressed box.
This means recycling only happens when it\'s profitable.
Plastic bottles are not worth recycling when cardboard hook displayprices are low
When cardboard hook displayprices fell, the old bottle lost its cost advantage over the original plastic
The price of cardboard pallet display is also fluctuating.
The Chinese government is trying to change the situation. it is buried in garbage.
First, China has begun banning imports of solid waste, which began in the 1980 s when Chinese manufacturers were looking for cheap raw materials.
When the ban came into effect last year, China imported only about 8 million tons of plastic waste per year.
It banned household waste plastics, unclassified waste cardboard pallet display and used textiles at the beginning of last year, and also included scrap metal, ship parts and auto parts on the list this month.
The government plans to gradually stop the import of all waste by the end of 2019, except for materials that cannot be replaced by China.
But unless China also improves the way it handles domestically generated waste, it will not have much impact.
\"There is no suitable recycling system in China.
This is a very urgent issue, \"said Eric Liu, an activist at Greenpeace Beijing.
\"The government has all these policies and slogans, but if you go around the city, you will find that all the waste is still mixed together.
There was no change, \"Liu said.
\"We need a system, a system that runs smoothly.
Analysts say the Chinese government is very good at making rules, but not very good at enforcing them.
Even if there are separate garbage containers in the residential area, residents rarely classify the garbage because they know that the pickers will handle the garbage.
But in Beijing, more than 22,000 tons of garbage are produced every day, and as the government tries to control the population and land use of the capital, large recycling centers have been closed or moved further away from the city.
In order to solve the problem of air pollution, it also imposed restrictions on incineration.
On 2017, the central government announced that it would enforce garbage sorting for urban residents by the end of 2020.
Those who do not have a classification will be charged a classification fee. It wants one-
The third waste generated in big cities will be recycled by the end of next year.
But it will take a long time to change entrenched behavior, Frank Chen, director of recycling at the China Plastics Processing Industry Association.
\"Maybe it will be the next century.
\"Yes, the industry at the heart of the problem is not convinced that China can learn to recycle.
\"We have told people many times about recycling and taught them the importance of recycling, but no one listens to us.
No one cares, \"he said.
\"There is only one thing the Chinese understand: money.
But Chen, who became an environmental activist at the University and founded her NGO in 2009, will try.
She held things in her own hands, starting from the village where she grew up.
Chen\'s father, Chen Lianxiang, is proud of her daughter\'s influence in the village, even if he bemoaned that she was dealing with garbage all day long.
\"There was rubbish everywhere in the past,\" he said . \".
Chen and her team assigned two barrels to each family in the village, one yellow for garbage and one green for organic garbage.
The latter gathered in a field on the outskirts of the village.
Bottles, glass and plastic have been recycled for money. 2 points a day. m.
A local man drove a modified garbage collection tricycle through the town, and Chen rode a horn car to tell the locals to take out their containers.
She then spoke with her volunteer companions through the recycling process to provide gentle guidance to those who are still mixing garbage.
Chen spent two months in the first village, helping to teach people how to separate the garbage and then making sure they did it.
But she can\'t be everywhere, so she has recruited some locals who now have time at hand: the head of the local Women\'s Association, part of the Communist Party body.
\"They used to be in charge of birth control, but now they don\'t need to do that anymore,\" Chen said, referring to the government\'s decision to abandon decades of plans --old one-child policy.
Chen\'s efforts are a novelty in her hometown, where many elderly residents are idle about playing Go, a kind of Chinese chess, on the sidewalk, or sit on the porch and solve problems in the world.
The villagers said they wanted to give it a try.
But others don\'t prioritize recycling.
\"We understand garbage sorting,\" he said with a shrug as Duan Hongquan walked out the gate to meet Chen, \"but in these villages we don\'t even have a sewer system.
Why should we care about rubbish?
The next problem is scale.
There are 1,600 residents in Xicai. That’s one-millionth —or 0. 000001%-
Part of China\'s population
Liu Yang contributed the report.
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